Iguanas originally came from Mexico, South America, and Central America; although Hawaii, California, and Florida can also be considered as iguana habitats. These cold-blooded animals live in rainforests as well as dry, coastal regions. Today, however, iguanas can be found almost anywhere in the world. People have started to raise and breed iguanas for food. Others take care of them as pets.
If you wish to get pet iguanas, you should construct iguana habitats first. Keep in mind that these animals tend to grow quickly, so using a small cage will not do. In fact, an iguana can quickly outgrow a fifty-five-gallon tank during its first year; and in two years or so, it will reach its adult size. So, you need to get a tank or terrarium that can accommodate a six-foot or seven-foot reptile. If you insist on using a small cage, the iguana might try to break out. As a result, it can break its nose and claws.
It should also have extra room for water bowls, decorations, and logs. Logs are ideal to have in a terrarium because they can serve as climbing areas. However, you may also put plants such as ficus shrubs, spider plants, and hibiscus plants. You can actually put real plants or fake plants; just make sure that the iguanas do not eat them. Do not put in sharp objects or any material that can be harmful to the iguanas such as wood chips, gravel, and sand.
In addition, you should see to it that you adjust the temperature and lighting inside the tank or terrarium. You should try to mimic natural iguana habitats by setting up a basking light. Make sure that the temperature is regulated.
Aside from basking light, you may also use an ultraviolet light. Iguanas need UVA and UVB to maintain their health. So, if you cannot move their tank or terrarium to a place where the sun can shine through it, you should place ultraviolet lights inside. You can get these lights from pet stores and even on the Internet.
Furthermore, iguanas need adequate food and water to survive. You should give them fresh drinking water. Use a large bowl that cannot easily be tipped over. During times when the humidity is low, keep your iguanas cool by spraying them with water. Also, do not forget to clean the water bowls on a regular basis. The iguanas may urinate or defecate on these bowls, so they should be cleaned well.
When it comes to feeding them, fresh fruits and vegetables are advised. Kales, turnips, clovers, carrots, peas, melons, apples, apricots, bananas, peaches, kiwis, figs, tomatoes, and dates can be given. Nonetheless, you may also feed them with natural bran cereals and whole grain breads. It is also encouraged to give them vitamin and mineral supplements to keep them in top shape. On the other hand, meat products are discouraged as iguanas are generally herbivores.